Science X Newsletter Week 36

Dear ymilog,

Here is your customized Science X Newsletter for week 36:

Extinct Tasmanian tiger brought to life in colour footage

Century-old footage of the last known Tasmanian tiger in captivity has been brought to life by colourisation, offering a tantalising glimpse of the now-extinct creature.

New superconducting magnet breaks magnetic field strength records, paving the way for fusion energy

It was a moment three years in the making, based on intensive research and design work: On Sept. 5, for the first time, a large high-temperature superconducting electromagnet was ramped up to a field strength of 20 tesla, the most powerful magnetic field of its kind ever created on Earth. That successful demonstration helps resolve the greatest uncertainty in the quest to build the world's first fusion power plant that can produce more power than it consumes, according to the project's leaders at MIT and startup company Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS).

Walking with coffee is a little-understood feat of physics

Walking with coffee is something most of us do every day without considering the balancing act it requires. In fact, there's a lot of physics preventing the coffee from spilling over.

Black holes found to exert a pressure on their environment

Physicists at the University of Sussex have discovered that black holes exert a pressure on their environment, in a scientific first.

Scientists reveal the fossilised skin of a bull-like carnivorous dinosaur

One of the strangest carnivorous dinosaurs ever discovered has been given a makeover by a pair of Belgian and Australian palaeontologists.

NASA confirms Perseverance Mars rover got its first piece of rock

NASA confirmed Monday that its Perseverance Mars rover succeeded in collecting its first rock sample for scientists to pore over when a future mission eventually brings it back to Earth.

Drugs that mimic effects of cigarette smoke reduce SARS-CoV-2's ability to enter cells

Researchers have identified a potential reason why lower numbers of COVID cases have appeared amongst smokers compared to non-smokers, even as other reports suggest smoking increases severity of the disease.

Scientists create artificial cells that mimic living cells' ability to capture, process, and expel material

Researchers have developed artificial cell-like structures using inorganic matter that autonomously ingest, process, and push out material—recreating an essential function of living cells.

Sea-level rise becoming a hazard for South Florida neighborhoods miles from ocean

Sea-level rise may appear to be a problem only for coastal residents, a hazard that comes with the awesome views and easy access to the beach.

'MRI' scan reveals spectacular ice age landscapes beneath the North Sea

Spectacular ice age landscapes beneath the North Sea have been discovered using 3D seismic reflection technology. Similar to MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) the images reveal in unprecedented detail huge seafloor channels—each one 10 times wider than the River Thames.

Massive new animal species discovered in half-billion-year-old Burgess Shale

Palaeontologists at the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) have uncovered the remains of a huge new fossil species belonging to an extinct animal group in half-a-billion-year-old Cambrian rocks from Kootenay National Park in the Canadian Rockies. The findings were announced on September 8, 2021, in a study published in Royal Society Open Science.

Common medications accumulate in gut bacteria, which may reduce drug effectiveness and alter the gut microbiome

Common medications can accumulate in gut bacteria, a new study has found, altering bacterial function and potentially reducing the effectiveness of the drug. These interactions—seen for a variety of medications, such as depression, diabetes, and asthma drugs—could help researchers to better understand individual differences in drug effectiveness and side-effects, according to the study published in Nature.

Prehistoric winged lizard unearthed in Chile

Chilean scientists have announced the discovery of the first-ever southern hemisphere remains of a type of Jurassic-era "winged lizard" known as a pterosaur.

Novel imaging method reveals a surprising arrangement of DNA in the cell's nucleus

If you open a biology textbook and run through the images depicting how DNA is organized in the cell's nucleus, chances are you'll start feeling hungry; the chains of DNA would seem like a bowl of ramen: long strings floating in liquid. However, according to two new studies—one experimental and the other theoretical—that are the outcome of the collaboration between the groups of Prof. Talila Volk of the Molecular Genetics Department and Prof. Sam Safran of the Chemical and Biological Physics Department at the Weizmann Institute of Science, this image should be reconsidered. Clarifying it is essential since DNA's spatial arrangement in the nucleus can affect the expression of genes contained within the DNA molecule, and hence the proteins found in the cell.

What the world's most accurate clock can tell us about Earth and the cosmos

It would take 15 billion years for the clock that occupies Jun Ye's basement lab at the University of Colorado to lose a second—about how long the universe has existed.

Largest virtual universe free for anyone to explore

Forget about online games that promise you a "whole world" to explore. An international team of researchers has generated an entire virtual universe, and made it freely available on the cloud to everyone.

Research team finds potential cause of COVID-19 'long-haulers'

A UAMS research team has identified a potential cause of long-lasting symptoms experienced by COVID-19 patients, often referred to as long-haulers. The findings were published in the journal PLOS ONE.

These fridge-free COVID-19 vaccines are grown in plants and bacteria

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed COVID-19 vaccine candidates that can take the heat. Their key ingredients? Viruses from plants or bacteria.

Study: Left-wing authoritarians share key psychological traits with far right

People with extreme political views that favor authoritarianism—whether they are on the far left or the far right—have surprisingly similar behaviors and psychological characteristics, a new study finds.

The warming climate is causing animals to 'shapeshift'

Climate change is not only a human problem; animals have to adapt to it as well. Some "warm-blooded" animals are shapeshifting and getting larger beaks, legs, and ears to better regulate their body temperatures as the planet gets hotter. Bird researcher Sara Ryding of Deakin University in Australia describes these changes in a review published September 7th in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution.


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SciTechDaily: “Magnetic Properties of Star-Forming Dense Cores – The Last Piece in the Puzzle of Star Formation” plus 20 more

SciTechDaily: “Magnetic Properties of Star-Forming Dense Cores – The Last Piece in the Puzzle of Star Formation” plus 20 more

Link to SciTechDaily

Magnetic Properties of Star-Forming Dense Cores – The Last Piece in the Puzzle of Star Formation

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 09:47 AM PDT

Magnetized, Star-Forming Core BHR 71 IRS1

Magnetic fields in space are sometimes called the last piece in the puzzle of star formation. They are much harder to measure than the masses...

The post Magnetic Properties of Star-Forming Dense Cores – The Last Piece in the Puzzle of Star Formation appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Raining Microbes? New Research Finds Rain-Borne Bacteria Colonize Plants

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 08:37 AM PDT

Rain on Plants

When it rains, plants are not only showered with water, but also microbes.  These rain-borne microbes have the opportunity to become part of a plant's...

The post Raining Microbes? New Research Finds Rain-Borne Bacteria Colonize Plants appeared first on SciTechDaily.

COVID-19 Vaccines Effective Against Delta Variant – How Pfizer, Moderna and J&J Compare

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 07:33 AM PDT

Pfizer Moderna Johnson and Johnson COVID Vaccines

COVID-19 vaccines are effective at preventing hospitalizations and emergency department visits caused by the Delta variant, according to data from a national study. That data...

The post COVID-19 Vaccines Effective Against Delta Variant – How Pfizer, Moderna and J&J Compare appeared first on SciTechDaily.

“On a Track to True Climate Catastrophe” – Experts Respond to Landmark IPCC Report

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 06:14 AM PDT

Future Earth Global Warming

UN scientists recently released a landmark study detailing humanity's damaging impact on the climate as a 'statement of fact', and revealing that ongoing emissions of warming...

The post "On a Track to True Climate Catastrophe" – Experts Respond to Landmark IPCC Report appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Astrophysicists Spot an Exoplanet With the Potential To Form Moons

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 05:35 AM PDT

PDS70 System

New high-resolution observations clearly show a moon-forming region around exoplanet PDS 70c. The observations have allowed astronomers to determine the ring-shaped region's size and mass...

The post Astrophysicists Spot an Exoplanet With the Potential To Form Moons appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Mapping Methane Emissions in California Using Precision Instruments and Machine-Learning

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 04:53 AM PDT

Mapping Methane Emissions in California

Using precision instruments and new mapping and machine-learning tools, a research team has been pinpointing sources of the greenhouse gas. In October 2016, an aircraft...

The post Mapping Methane Emissions in California Using Precision Instruments and Machine-Learning appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Cell Feng Shui: Unity of Physical and Biochemical Cues Creates Healthy Organisms

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 04:01 AM PDT

Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

New TU Dresden research group aims to uncover how stem cells respond to mechanical forces and electrical cues during the development and maintenance of the...

The post Cell Feng Shui: Unity of Physical and Biochemical Cues Creates Healthy Organisms appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Physicists’ Total Surprise: Discover Black Holes Exert a Pressure on Their Environment

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 03:03 AM PDT

Supermassive Black Hole Accretion Disk Illustration

Physicists at the University of Sussex have discovered that black holes exert a pressure on their environment, in a scientific first. In 1974 Stephen Hawking...

The post Physicists' Total Surprise: Discover Black Holes Exert a Pressure on Their Environment appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Three-Part Catalyst Helps Transform Excess CO2 Into Usable Ethanol

Posted: 12 Sep 2021 02:20 AM PDT

Catalyst Advances Carbon-Dioxide-to-Ethanol Conversion

Catalyst Study Advances Carbon-Dioxide-to-Ethanol Conversion Combination of theory and experiment shows how a three-part catalyst helps transform excess CO2 into usable ethanol. An international collaboration...

The post Three-Part Catalyst Helps Transform Excess CO2 Into Usable Ethanol appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Warming Atlantic Ocean Drives Right Whales Towards Extinction

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 10:36 PM PDT

Right Whale Breach

Warming oceans have driven the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale population from its traditional and protected habitat, exposing the animals to more lethal ship...

The post Warming Atlantic Ocean Drives Right Whales Towards Extinction appeared first on SciTechDaily.

NASA’s Stunning Images of September 11, 2001, Taken From Space

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 09:53 PM PDT

Manhattan Smoke Plumes 9/11

The attacks of September 11, 2001, were a national tragedy that resulted in a staggering loss of life and a significant change in American culture....

The post NASA's Stunning Images of September 11, 2001, Taken From Space appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Your Sense of Smell May Be the Key to a Balanced Diet – Smell Regulates What We Eat, and Vice Versa

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 07:53 PM PDT

Cinnamon Rolls

We are less likely to perceive smells of food that relate to a recent meal, helping us make choices about what to eat next. Walking...

The post Your Sense of Smell May Be the Key to a Balanced Diet – Smell Regulates What We Eat, and Vice Versa appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Prostate Cancer Risk 24% Higher Among 9/11 World Trade Center Rescue/Recovery Workers

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 07:20 PM PDT

FDNY Fireman 9/11

Greatest risk seems to be among earliest responders on day of attack. The risk of prostate cancer was 24% higher among 9/11 rescue and recovery...

The post Prostate Cancer Risk 24% Higher Among 9/11 World Trade Center Rescue/Recovery Workers appeared first on SciTechDaily.

9/11 World Trade Center Firefighters 13% More Likely To Develop Cancer

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 06:45 PM PDT

NY Firefighter

And they are younger, on average, when diagnosed with the disease. Firefighters who worked at the World Trade Center following the 9/11 attacks in 2001...

The post 9/11 World Trade Center Firefighters 13% More Likely To Develop Cancer appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Scientists Uncover New Opportunities for Light-Powered Battery and Fuel Cell Design

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 05:58 PM PDT

Oxide Ions Within Perovskite Crystals

Researchers from the University of Tsukuba use ultraviolet light pulses to access ion conductor properties that are otherwise difficult to safely attain. Automotive and other...

The post Scientists Uncover New Opportunities for Light-Powered Battery and Fuel Cell Design appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Vitamin E, CoQ10 and GSH Supplements Reverse Heart Damage Caused by Cancer in Scientific Study

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 04:38 PM PDT

Vitamin E Supplements

Study Links Free Radicals to Heart Damage Caused by Cancer In fruit flies, antioxidants reverse tumor-related cardiac dysfunction. A new study in animal models shows...

The post Vitamin E, CoQ10 and GSH Supplements Reverse Heart Damage Caused by Cancer in Scientific Study appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Red vs. Blue: Astronomers Nail Down the Origins of Rare Loner Dwarf Galaxies

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 03:28 PM PDT

Blue Ultra Diffuse Galaxy

The results provide a blueprint for finding such systems in the universe's quieter, emptier regions. By definition, dwarf galaxies are small and dim, with just...

The post Red vs. Blue: Astronomers Nail Down the Origins of Rare Loner Dwarf Galaxies appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Atomically-Thin, Twisted Graphene Has Unique Properties That Could Advance Quantum Computing

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 02:18 PM PDT

Bilayer Graphene Illustration

Researchers describe how electrons move through two-dimensional layered graphene, findings that could lead to advances in the design of future quantum computing platforms. New research...

The post Atomically-Thin, Twisted Graphene Has Unique Properties That Could Advance Quantum Computing appeared first on SciTechDaily.

Benefit of Having a Fifth Leg: Geckos Glide, Crash-Land, but Don’t Fall

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 01:08 PM PDT

Asian Flat-Tailed House Gecko

Soft perching robot validates the benefit of having a fifth leg. Geckos' impressive climbing abilities give them agility rarely surpassed in nature. With their highly...

The post Benefit of Having a Fifth Leg: Geckos Glide, Crash-Land, but Don't Fall appeared first on SciTechDaily.

What Is Causing All These New Coronavirus Variants? Is It the COVID–19 Vaccines?

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 11:47 AM PDT

Coronavirus Genetic Mutation Concept

Massive numbers of new COVID–19 infections are the main driver of new coronavirus variants. The rise of coronavirus variants has highlighted the huge influence evolutionary...

The post What Is Causing All These New Coronavirus Variants? Is It the COVID–19 Vaccines? appeared first on SciTechDaily.

New Research Center To Tackle Space Junk Traffic Dangers

Posted: 11 Sep 2021 10:36 AM PDT

Space Junk Hazards

University of Warwick convenes researchers to investigate challenges of monitoring objects in Earth orbit in new Center for Space Domain Awareness Research into sustainable use...

The post New Research Center To Tackle Space Junk Traffic Dangers appeared first on SciTechDaily.