Science X Newsletter Monday, May 31

Dear ymilog,

Here is your customized Science X Newsletter for May 31, 2021:

Spotlight Stories Headlines

Duetting songbirds 'mute' the musical mind of their partner to stay in sync

New 'Swiss Army knife' cleans up water pollution

Phonon catalysis could lead to a new field

Isolating an elusive missing link

Pfizer jab less effective, still protects against Indian strain: study

Chinese cargo spacecraft docks with orbital station

Beer byproduct mixed with manure proves an excellent pesticide

Best of Last Week: Solar storms coming, mercury in glacial meltwater, and a food supplement reduces anxiety

Tidal debris detected in a nearby galaxy group

Global warming already responsible for one in three heat-related deaths

Ethnic diversity helps identify more genomic regions linked to diabetes-related traits

Medical AI models rely on 'shortcuts' that could lead to misdiagnosis of COVID-19

Scientists discover a new genetic form of ALS in children

Overconfidence in news judgement

Emotional regulation technique may be effective in disrupting compulsive cocaine addiction

Physics news

Phonon catalysis could lead to a new field

Batteries and fuel cells often rely on a process known as ion diffusion to function. In ion diffusion, ionized atoms move through solid materials, similar to the process of water being absorbed by rice when cooked. Just like cooking rice, ion diffusion is incredibly temperature-dependent and requires high temperatures to happen fast.

Researchers discover that a mechanical cue is at the origin of cell death decision

In many species including humans, the cells responsible for reproduction, the germ cells, are often highly interconnected and share their cytoplasm. In the hermaphrodite nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, up to 500 germ cells are connected to each other in the gonad, the tissue that produces eggs and sperm. These cells are arranged around a central cytoplasmic "corridor" and exchange cytoplasmic material fostering cell growth, and ultimately produce oocytes ready to be fertilized.

New take on machine learning helps us 'scale up' phase transitions

Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have enhanced "super-resolution" machine learning techniques to study phase transitions. They identified key features of how large arrays of interacting particles behave at different temperatures by simulating tiny arrays before using a convolutional neural network to generate a good estimate of what a larger array would look like using correlation configurations. The massive saving in computational cost may realize unique ways of understanding how materials behave.

Astronomy and Space news

Chinese cargo spacecraft docks with orbital station

An automated spacecraft docked with China's new space station Sunday carrying fuel and supplies for its future crew, the Chinese space agency announced.

Tidal debris detected in a nearby galaxy group

Using the MeerKAT telescope, an international team of astronomers has identified wide-spread tidal debris in a nearby galaxy group known as NGC 7232. The newly found structure is composed of cold neutral atomic hydrogen and extends over 450,000 light years. The finding is reported in a paper published May 21 on arXiv.org.

Japanese space agency to put Transformable Lunar Robot on the moon

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has announced on its website that the agency has plans to put a Transformable Lunar Robot on the moon. In their announcement, they note that the goal of the robot deployment is to learn more about the surface of the moon as part of preparation for the deployment of a future crewed rover.

China launches cargo rocket with supplies for space station

A rocket carrying supplies for China's new space station blasted off Saturday from an island in the South China Sea.

China to send 3 male astronauts to its space station in June

A three-man crew of astronauts will blast off in June for a three-month mission on China's new space station, according to a space official who was the country's first astronaut in orbit.

Destination Moon: Is it time for us to send astronauts back?

The series For All Mankind (2019) is a fictional alternate history that imagines a world where the Soviet Union was the first power to send an astronaut to the moon. From that starting point, the two rival superpowers compete to establish their own lunar station.

HIRAX: Looking deep into the universe for answers about dark matter

How is matter distributed within our universe? And what is the mysterious substance known as dark energy made of? HIRAX, a new large telescope array comprising hundreds of small radio telescopes, should provide some answers. Among those instrumental in developing the system are physicists from ETH Zurich.

Technology news

Medical AI models rely on 'shortcuts' that could lead to misdiagnosis of COVID-19

Artificial intelligence promises to be a powerful tool for improving the speed and accuracy of medical decision-making to improve patient outcomes. From diagnosing disease, to personalizing treatment, to predicting complications from surgery, AI could become as integral to patient care in the future as imaging and laboratory tests are today.

Sony launches motion-sensing music effects controller, Motion Sonic

A long time in the making, Sony has just announced the upcoming release of Motion Sonic, a new technology that allows music lovers to track their own movements as they play music. Whether you are strumming a guitar or waving your hands to a beat, Motion Sonic ensures your movements remain in sync with the melody at hand.

Dangerously trending: driverless Tesla videos on social media

It was a boozy joyride captured for TikTok with a soundtrack provided by Justin Bieber and with a Tesla serving as the "Designated Driver" for the night.

Ultrasonic welding makes parts for NASA missions, commercial industry

A manufacturing innovation that has applications for NASA spacecraft is being transferred to the private sector to support a variety of industries here on Earth.

It's crystal clear: Crushed glass could save our sand

Crushed wine bottles and other recycled glass could replace sand in vital tunneling supports, cutting construction costs and improving the sustainability of sand mining.

Unique technology gives humans a leg up on walking

An exoskeleton designed by Queen's Engineering researchers that improves walking efficiency is the subject of a new study featured in the leading academic journal Science.

Hybrid redox-flow battery with a long cycle life

Redox‑flow batteries store electrical energy in chemical compounds that are dissolved in an electrolyte. They are a particularly promising alternative to lithium‑ion batteries as stationary energy storage. A team headed by Prof. Dr. Ingo Krossing from the Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry at the University of Freiburg has succeeded in developing a non-aqueous All‑Manganese Flow battery (All-MFB) that uses sustainable manganese as its active material and has a long cycle life. The researchers present the results of their work in the latest edition of Advanced Energy Materials.


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