Science X Newsletter Monday, Apr 26

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Here is your customized Science X Newsletter for April 26, 2021:

Spotlight Stories Headlines

A two-qubit engine powered by entanglement and local measurements

An AR interface to assist human agents during critical missions

Researchers demonstrate fully recyclable printed electronics

Icy clouds could have kept early Mars warm enough for rivers and lakes, study finds

Social tensions preceded disruptions in ancient Pueblo societies

Complex organic molecules detected in the starless core Lynds 1521E

Discovery of an elusive cell type in fish sensory organs

3D holographic head-up display could improve road safety

Mysterious ocean-floor trails show Arctic sponges on the move

Study shows smartphone app can identify autism symptoms in toddlers

Study finds COVID-19 variants may offer clues in predicting patient outcomes as virus evolves

Preeclampsia during pregnancy increases stroke risk later in life

Scientists develop new class of cancer drug with potential to treat leukaemia

New cancer algorithm flags genetic weaknesses in tumors

Normally harmless cell molecule triggers neuron death

Physics news

A two-qubit engine powered by entanglement and local measurements

Researchers at Institut NĂ©el-CNRS, University of Saint Louis and University of Rochester recently realized a two-qubit engine fueled by entanglement and local measurements. This engine's unique design, outlined in a paper published in Physical Review Letters, could open up exciting possibilities for thermodynamics research and inform the development of new quantum technologies.

3D holographic head-up display could improve road safety

Researchers have developed the first LiDAR-based augmented reality head-up display for use in vehicles. Tests on a prototype version of the technology suggest that it could improve road safety by 'seeing through' objects to alert of potential hazards without distracting the driver.

Warp drives: Physicists give chances of faster-than-light space travel a boost

The closest star to Earth is Proxima Centauri. It is about 4.25 light-years away, or about 25 trillion miles (40 trillion km). The fastest ever spacecraft, the now- in-space Parker Solar Probe will reach a top speed of 450,000 mph. It would take just 20 seconds to go from Los Angeles to New York City at that speed, but it would take the solar probe about 6,633 years to reach Earth's nearest neighboring solar system.

Fooling fusion fuel: How to discipline unruly plasma

The process designed to harvest on Earth the fusion energy that powers the sun and stars can sometimes be tricked. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics laboratory have derived and demonstrated a bit of slight-of-hand called "quasi-symmetry" that could accelerate the development of fusion energy as a safe, clean and virtually limitless source of power for generating electricity.

Researchers complete high-precision time-frequency dissemination

Prof. Pan Jianwei and his colleagues from the University of Science and Technology of China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences investigated the high-loss free space, high-precision time-frequency dissemination between remote locations, simulating high-precision time-frequency high-orbit satellite-ground links in the channel loss, atmospheric noise, and transmission delay effects.

Experimental proof for Zeeman spin-orbit coupling in antiferromagnetics

A NUST MISIS professor was part of an international research team that has found evidence for the existence of the Zeeman spin-orbit coupling in antiferromagnetic conductors. This work may pave the way for the next generation of electronics. The study was published in npj Quantum Materials.

Astronomy and Space news

Icy clouds could have kept early Mars warm enough for rivers and lakes, study finds

One of the great mysteries of modern space science is neatly summed up by the view from NASA's Perseverance, which just landed on Mars: Today it's a desert planet, and yet the rover is sitting right next to an ancient river delta.

Complex organic molecules detected in the starless core Lynds 1521E

Using the ARO 12-m telescope, astronomers have investigated a young starless core known as Lynds 1521E (or L1521E). The study resulted in the detection of complex organic molecules in this object. The finding is detailed in a paper April 15 on the arXiv pre-print repository.

Deciphering the lives of double neutron stars in radio and gravitational wave astronomy

Scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav) have described a way to determine the birth population of double neutron stars—some of the densest objects in the universe formed in collapsing massive stars. The recently published study observed different life stages of these neutron star systems.

False alarm: No space junk threat after all to SpaceX crew

SpaceX's four astronauts had barely settled into orbit last Friday when they were ordered back into their spacesuits because of a potential collision with orbiting junk.

Russia launches new batch of UK telecom satellites into space

A Soyuz rocket blasted off from the Vostochny cosmodrome in Russia's Far East on Monday carrying 36 UK telecommunications and internet satellites, the Roscosmos space agency said.

NOAA's GOES-T completes solar array deployment test

On March 3, 2021, engineers completed a successful test deployment of the GOES-T solar array as part of a series of tests to prepare the satellite for a planned December 2021 launch.

More patrols, fewer boaters for SpaceX splashdown Wednesday

The astronauts flying SpaceX back to Earth this week urged boaters to stay safe by staying away from their capsule's splashdown in the Gulf of Mexico.

Technology news

An AR interface to assist human agents during critical missions

In recent years, computer scientists and roboticists have developed a variety of technological tools to aid human agents during critical missions, such as military operations or search and rescue efforts. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have proved to be particularly valuable in these cases, as they can often enter remote or dangerous areas that are inaccessible to humans.

Researchers demonstrate fully recyclable printed electronics

Engineers at Duke University have developed the world's first fully recyclable printed electronics. By demonstrating a crucial and relatively complex computer component—the transistor—created with three carbon-based inks, the researchers hope to inspire a new generation of recyclable electronics to help fight the growing global epidemic of electronic waste.

Theory and experiments to understand a contact between two filaments

Mechanical engineers and mathematicians at EPFL have joined forces to gain a better understanding of the geometry and mechanics of two filaments in contact—as in the cases of knots and woven fabrics.

Plastic electronics: Ushering in the next generation of technology

From cat's-whisker detectors in the early 1900s to electronic circuit chips in modern-day mobile phones, electronic devices have been modified in myriad creative ways to adapt to the needs of humankind. Apart from increasing the efficiency of conventionally used semiconductors such as silicon, recent research has focused on exploring more cost effective semiconductor materials. In tune with these requirements, a new publication in Nature Materials has successfully tweaked low cost semiconducting materials, quite similar to the composition of plastic, into conducting electricity more efficiently than before.

Apple's iPhone privacy clampdown arrives after 7-month delay

Apple is following through on its pledge to crack down on Facebook and other snoopy apps that secretly shadow people on their iPhones in order to target more advertising at users.

Sony uses AI to customize the video game playing experience

A recently published patent has revealed that the entertainment company Sony has managed to program artificial intelligence to help users customize their video game characters. This new AI program learns based on traits personal to each user, gathered from the player's gaming profile.

35 years since nuclear disaster, Chernobyl warns, inspires

The vast and empty Chernobyl Exclusion Zone around the site of the world's worst nuclear accident is a baleful monument to human mistakes. Yet 35 years after a power plant reactor exploded, Ukrainians also look to it for inspiration, solace and income.

Researchers say changing simple iPhone setting fixes long-standing privacy bug

The AirDrop feature on iPhones and MacBook computers has a vulnerability that could give scammers access to your email and phone number, a team of researchers say.

COVID-19 could end our dependence on cars—if we 'build back better'

When discussing low-carbon transportation and the question of why cars play such a dominant role in our society, it is often tempting to fall back on a comfortable and familiar answer: We drive cars because we like them!

Freeze! New model to protect ships from ice accretion

Researchers from Skoltech (Russia) and their colleagues from SINTEF (Norway) have developed a mathematical model of freezing water droplets moving in cold air. This model is a part of a joint RFBR-supported Russian-Norway research project. The project is focused on predicting ice accretion on ships and other offshore structures operated in Arctic climate, which may interfere with their proper functioning and endanger crew members and cargo. The paper was published in the journal Energies.

Apple boosts US investment pledge to $430 bn

Apple announced Monday it plans to boost its investment plans in the United States to $430 billion over the next five years, saying this would add some 20,000 jobs.

Apple announces 1st East Coast campus in North Carolina

Apple is expanding spending in the U.S. and announced plans Monday to build its first East Coast campus, in North Carolina.

Airports could generate enough solar energy to power a city: Study

A new study has found Australia's government-owned airports could produce enough electricity to power 136,000 homes, if they had large-scale rooftop solar systems installed.

NFTs are much bigger than an art fad: How they could change the world

Sotheby's has become the latest establishment name in art to dive into NFTs (non-fungible tokens) through its collaboration with anonymous digital artist Pak and NFT marketplace Nifty Gateway.

Sounds familiar: A speaker identity-controllable framework for machine speech translation

Robots today have come a long way from their early inception as insentient beings meant primarily for mechanical assistance to humans. Today, they can assist us intellectually and even emotionally, getting ever better at mimicking conscious humans. An integral part of this ability is the use of speech to communicate with the user (smart assistants such as Google Home and Amazon Echo are notable examples). Despite these remarkable developments, they still do not sound very "human."

The FBI is breaking into corporate computers to remove malicious code: Cyber defense or overreach?

The FBI has the authority right now to access privately owned computers without their owners' knowledge or consent, and to delete software. It's part of a government effort to contain the continuing attacks on corporate networks running Microsoft Exchange software, and it's an unprecedented intrusion that's raising legal questions about just how far the government can go.

Apple Music launches more than 100 city-focused music charts

Apple Music is coming to a city near you—the streaming service has launched daily music charts focused on particular cities around the world, including New York City, Tokyo and Lagos.

Facebook, Spotify team up to allow in-app music listening

Facebook is expanding its partnership with Spotify to create a mechanism for listening to full songs within the social network, which recently has been turning its attention to audio offerings.

Philips sees hit from product safety fault

Dutch firm Philips said Monday it anticipates a hit of up to 250 million euros ($302 million) from a possible safety risk in some sleep and respiratory care products, even as first quarter profits edged higher.

'Call of Duty: Warzone' goes back in time for its next update

For its next update, the free-to-play game "Call of Duty: Warzone" is going back to the '80s.

Measurement tool for emerging Border Gateway Protocol security technologies

NIST has released a new version of its measurement tools aimed at improving trust and confidence in emerging technologies for improving the security and resilience of the Internet's global routing system.

Netflix commits to local productions to continue leading the streaming platform market

The various methods that Netflix employs when premiering its content favor the international success of original local productions and, at the same time, act as a safety net for these films in an audiovisual industry in constant evolution.

Talking Tech: Apple and Facebook dominate the week, but holograms are the future

"If everything moves along and there are no major catastrophes we're basically headed towards holograms," filmmaker Martin Scorsese said in 2011 while promoting his 3D movie "Hugo."

Soccer star Neymar Jr. appearing in 'Fortnite' starting April 27

Soccer fans will soon have a big reason to check out Fortnite.

Turkey arrests 4 in new digital currency platform probe

Turkish authorities arrested four people Monday on fraud charges in connection with an investigation into a local cryptocurrency trading platform—the second to be probed in recent days.


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Stop using your work laptop or phone for personal stuff, because I know you are

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April 26, 2021
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