Long-distance quantum information exchange—success at the nanoscale

Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute cooled a chip containing a large array of spin qubits below -273 Celsius.  To manipulate individual electrons within the quantum-dot array, they applied fast voltage pulses to metallic gate electrodes located on the surface of the gallium-arsenide crystal (see scanning electron micrograph). Because each electron also carries a quantum spin, this allows quantum information processing based on the array’s spin states (the arrows on the graphic illustration). During the mediated spin exchange, which only took a billionth of a second, two correlated electron pairs were coherently superposed and entangled over five quantum dots, constituting a new world record within the community. Credit: Niels Bohr Institute

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2019-03-long-distance-quantum-exchangesuccess-nanoscale.html#jCp

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